Human security

Analysts call for action to improve food security in Pakistan

Dr. AZ Hilali (RI Expert): Pakistan is considered among the green areas of the world, which is good news. It is a good omen that Pakistan has been invited to attend the Ministerial Meeting on World Food Security in New York. It is an international platform where world leaders will hold debates on some of the most critical issues facing humanity. Unfortunately, climate change has become the greatest obstacle to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and millions of people are at risk of food insecurity and poverty. There is a need to improve the agricultural sector to a dynamic and resilient scale so that it can withstand the impacts of climate change. Pakistan is an agricultural country with the largest irrigation system in the world and five rivers. With a rapidly growing population and ever more rapid poverty, food insecurity has become a major problem.

Dr. Ejaz Ahmad (environmental expert): Food insecurity is one of the greatest challenges facing the world. There is an urgent need to design long-term solutions with solid plans and we need to work on this at the grassroots level. Climate change has led to water scarcity across the region and Pakistan is among the countries expected to be most affected because of it. Currently, the Cholistan desert is experiencing the worst drought and water scarcity conditions. The same situation is encountered in some areas of the KPK and northern regions. Planting trees can minimize the effects of climate change and it is a Sunnah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him) and its reward continues even after the death of the person who planted a tree. Projects like the Tsunami Billion Trees must continue because trees and plants are the main source of purification and beautification of the environment.

Dr. Noor Fatima (economist): The government has made some difficult decisions despite the fact that the dollar is appreciating against the Pakistani rupee. Pakistan is once again preparing to relaunch talks with the IMF to revive the bailout program. The current government is doing all it can to help the masses, but keeping oil prices unchanged also sends the wrong signals to the IMF. Pakistan for its part must immediately impose a ban on luxury items.

Najam-ud-Din Sheikh (former ambassador): Developing countries like Pakistan will be hit hard by climate change. About 30 million tons of wheat flour are needed each year to feed our population. However, there are some inherent drawbacks, as over a million tons are used for seed utilization and another million or two for conserving strategic reserves. Agriculture experts predict that wheat production will drop to twenty percent due to climate change. It is high time that policy makers reorient their food security strategy. Rich countries and the World Bank should support aid programs for developing countries to cope with the impacts of climate change.